The City of Cessnock is located in the Hunter Valley of New South Wales, Australia. The approximate population is 23,000 people.
A meeting held at Cessnock during the engine drivers' strike of 1917 to see if they would return to work at the mines to work with loyalists or scabs. The strike lasted 6 weeks. Photo courtesy of W. Askie.
Bill [1911-1989] & Hazel McIntosh née Elliott (1919-2014) - Cessnock mineworker. Recorded 19 June 1984. Part 1/1.
Bill Stephenson (-1984) - Town Clerk, City of Greater Cessnock Municipal Council. Recorded 21 July 1982. Part 1/2.
Bill Stephenson (-1984) - Town Clerk, City of Greater Cessnock Municipal Council. Recorded 21 July 1982. Part 2/2.
Photographer: Barry Howard
The first land grant in Cessnock was made in 1829 to David Campbell, who chose the name Cessnock after Scotland’s Cessnock Castle. This was the same year that the Great Northern Road was connected to this area and in 1855 the Cessnock Hotel was built along it to serve as a resting point for travellers, as well as a place for meeting, polling and court cases in the town. During this time, the Cessnock had very few colonists and conflicts with bushrangers and the orinignal inhabitants, the Darkinjung people, were common. This did not deter people from farming tobacco, grain, grapes and potatoes. As early as the 1860’s wineries were being established in this region.
Sir Edgeworth David’s discovered the Greta coal seam in 1886, triggering the first mine opening and connection to Maitland by rail soon after. The introduction of mining led to creation of the Co-operative societies, miner’s lodges, hospitals and even brass bands. Major mines of the area included the Aberdare, Richmond Main, Pelaw Main, Hebburn and Abermain.
Cessnock is now the gateway to the vineyards at Pokolbin, Lovedale, Broke, Rothbury and nearby areas.