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    Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital - Final archaeological report

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    OCR

    FINAL

    ARCHAEOLOGICAL
    REPORT

    Kirkwood House
    James Fletcher Hospital

    15 Church St
    Newcastle

    Volume 1



    Kevi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 1

    Vdume1
    CONTENTS PAGE
    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 5
    TABLE[...]Plan 20
    1.6 CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE JAMES FLETCHER
    HOSPITAL SITE 2005 21
    1.7 STATEMENT OF HERITAGE IMP[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 2

    3.7.3 Boiler 125
    3.7.4 Landscaping 125[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 3

    6.7.3 Full Excavation: Trench III 261
    6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 4

    12.2

    12.3

    12.4

    12.5

    12.6

    12.7
    12.8[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 5

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Newcastle’s first Anglica[...]ment to extend the facilities
    of the neighbouring Hospital for the Insane. For this means, the main p[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 6

    unexcavated, and only partly understood yard a[...]th Full and Test Excavation will be stored at the James Fletcher
    Hospital, 72 Watt Street Newcastle, within the Thwai[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 7
    Red arrow indicates location of site. ................................................ 13
    James Fletcher Hospital site. Approximate study area outlined in red.
    ...[...]Adapted from Plan of Newcastle August 7, 1818 by James Meehan.
    ..................................[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 8

    Figure 2.31
    Figure 2.32
    Figure 2.33
    Fig[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 9

    Figure 3.24
    Figure 3.25

    Figure 3.26

    F[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 10

    Figure 3.64

    Figure 3.65
    Figure 3.66[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 11

    Figure 4.30
    Figure 4.31
    Figure 4.32

    F[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 12

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1.1

    Table 3.1
    T[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 13



    idea/a

    ‘ CITY (

    Figure 1.1 Red[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 14

    James Fletcher Hospital Site Plan

    Provide tempomy gates
    to entry. Church[...]lack
    \faitanaIki
    Eflaing trees "9 WMPm l—ill
    [ Fletcher
    Pmpuced new carpet \Hmsa
    'lll L L,—
    l/\
    II t
    \\[...].l, — — — -*"‘ .
    Ordnanoa 31.
    Figure 1.2 James Fletcher Hospital site. Approximate study area outlined in red.

    Early Works Package, HNEAHS James Fletcher Hospital, PH07, Not to
    Scale.Source: Department of C[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 15



    it“

    Figure 1.3 Aerial photograph[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 16



    Figure 1.4 Current Aerial showing n[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 17

    1.0 INTRODUCTION

    1.1 BACKGROUND

    The Departm[...]r the
    former Kirkwood House, 15 Church St, at the James Fletcher Hospital site in
    Newcastle on the basis of a fee proposal[...]was also carried out at the Male Ward within the James Fletcher Hospital
    (outside the study area). The results of t[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 18

    Monitoring and recording (Male Ward) ([...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 19

    any deposit, object or material eviden[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 20

    This code provides a process whereby a reason[...]te

    The former parsonage is listed as part of the James Fletcher Hospital Group, 72
    Watt St, Newcastle on the Register of t[...]Environment
    Plan 2008 however the Former Military Hospital and Barracks are both listed in
    Schedule 5 Part 1[...]l Heritage, as 72 Watt Street, Newcastle (now the
    James Fletcher Hospital).9 The site is also part of “The Hill Herit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 21

    Deanery. It is noted that the parsonage intru[...]eets.11

    1.6 CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE JAMES
    FLETCHER HOSPITAL SITE 2005

    A Conservation Management Plan was prepared for the whole James Fletcher
    Hospital Site in April 2005, by the Department of C[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 22

    Parsonage outbuildings — the rear wi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Area Excavation Phase Trench Name/Number[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 24

    2.0 SITE HISTORY

    2.1 HISTORY

    Pre Eur[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 25

    During this time the study site was mostly us[...]25 Just

    west of Government House, now within the hospitalhospital were constructed on what is now the James Fletcher Hospital
    site between1838-1843,36 to protect the no[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 26

    barracks housed up to 200 soldiers who police[...]that very same year.
    This would later become the Hospital for the Insane in 1879 after the Lunacy Act of
    1878 stated that all insane asylums would be known as hospitals (Figure 2.19).44

    According to Turner, by the 18[...]en over to retailing and commercial offices.

    The Hospital for the Insane continued to operate on the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 27

    In the first part of the twentieth century, t[...]he character of the area had forever
    changed. The Hospital for the Insane became the Newcastle Mental Hospital in
    1916.48 The continued disdain for the hospital by local residents (it being seen as
    unsuitable f[...]ntury. Regardless the government was unmoved; the hospital
    was to stay, having been named the James Fletcher Hospital in 1989 after a
    prominent Newcastle parlia[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 28

    1827 sketch is a verandah or room show[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 29

    During 1880 an advertisement appeared in the[...]exact year in which
    these works occurred however James Henderson appears to have been the
    archite[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 30

    The continued problem of overcrowding in the adjoining Hospital
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 31

    substation facing Newcomen Street. An[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 32



    thRL‘ T '.'N

    H u I\ a."

    , 1...“ .-
    a[...]Adapted from Plan of Newcastle August 7, 1818 by James Meehan.
    Note the location of the Christ Ch[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 2.2 Panorama of Newcastle: Wate[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 34



    109*“. 1‘. _ I i r, I
    ' “’5[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 36



    1.

    Figure 2.6 Early Map of the Tow[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 37



    Figure 2.7 Plan of the offices atta[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 38



    Figure 2.8 Map of City of Newcastle[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 39







    I! -. --
    ’ [I
    d'
    gs.7 / / z[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 40



    Figure 2.10 Town of Newcastle and i[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 41



    Figure 2.12 Detail of painting “N[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 42



    Figure 2.14 1853 Plan of City of Ne[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 43



    re-.- ~-.-_. .

    Figure 2.16 1860[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 44

    'PA M orTHc/‘CLEW IVI LIV I OFPAHIur[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 45



    Figure 2.18 Newcastle, Engraving, A[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 46



    _.“.__

    its-(odd f"! l~u~c FM"[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 47



    Figure 2.20 Engraving of Newcastle,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 48



    Figure 2.22 c. 1886 — 1896 photog[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report - Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 49



    Figure 2.23 Detail of Parsonage, c.[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 2.24 Engraving of Newcastle dat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 2.25 Map of Newcastle vicinity[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    ."‘\,' -7 2“?de -
    Figure 2.26 Over[...]
    53

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 2.27 Photograph showing the Par[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    ~ {-L- 12—; it“
    '3" ' . u
    , _.
    -[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report - Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    HEWCfiSTLE, HOSPITHL no; image.

    ECEPTIOH MOOSE.

    CEND FLCDIE P[...]
    56

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital




    GROUND FLGDlE PLH N.

    Figure 2.31[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 57

    mm W m. /«_ H

    m 3541—» bur.



    F[...]
    58

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital








    VIRANDAH
    Eng—— FEMALE[...]
    59

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 2.34 Church Street in 1973 with[...]
    60

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    3.0 PHYSICAL EVIDENCE

    3.1 INTRODUCTION[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 61

    Table 3.1 Summary of Area Names, Excav[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Church Street

    East wing

    Parsonage build[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 63

    CHURCH STREET



    - trenches excavated[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 64[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 65

    3.2 METHODOLOGY

    Standard archaeologic[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 66

    3.3 PARSONAGE BUILDING

    3.3.1 West Roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 67

    and impression in one place was a corr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 68



    Figure 3.4 West Room, Test Trench 1[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 69

    W
    JHHSIU‘ 131: l

    132 CR
    2: (l3 [)9[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 70

    “1

    III"
    I —-.

    "I” n: m I“

    [[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 71

    WEST ROOM & HALLWAY PLAN



    B
    R
    |
    C
    K[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 72



    Figure 3.11 West Room showing locat[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    KIRKWOOD HOUSE - PARSONAGE - WEST ROOM

    [[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 74

    3.3.2 Hallway

    The Hallway was not inv[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 75

    Figure 3.13 Hallway,
    start shot showin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 76

    Figure 3.15 Hallway, final
    shot, showi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 77

    KIRKWOOD HOUSE - PARSONAGE - HALLWAY
    T[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 78

    3.3.3 East Room

    In the testing phase,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 79

    showing cut bricks, the apparent pier[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 80



    Figure 3.18 East Room, start, showi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 81



    Figure 3.20 East Room final, showin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 82



    Figure 3.22 East Room, Test Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 83

    3.3.3.2 Cellar

    The revealed portion o[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 84

    Figure 3.33), the question posed by Te[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 85



    Figure 3.24 View into cellar. Facin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 86



    Figure 3.26 Cellar, intermediate pa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 87

    i
    all”

    ‘——

    illll

    06 BI 09[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 88



    Figure 3.30 Cellar, sample of stenc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 89





    v-v—I .

    . 2... ‘1' .Fénfl[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 90

    {:5 ..
    Z

    wag--

    «mi?!

    E.

    “l
    a?![...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 91

    KIRKWOOD HOUSE - PARSONAGE - EAST ROOM[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 92

    3.4 EAST WING

    3.4.1 Test Excavation[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 93

    mortar and sealed the trench for a san[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 94



    Figure 3.34 Test Trench 3, showing[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 95



    Figure 3.36 Test Trench 4, brick li[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 96

    IEEBENQHA
    NORTH ROOM - North wall (int[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 97

    North wall footing

    E 30.11
    Brickline[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 98



    SOUTH ROOM -TESTTRENCH 3 NORTH ROOM[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 99

    3.4.2 Full Excavation
    3.4.2.1 Trench I[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 100

    3.4.2.4 Trench VI

    Trench VI was loca[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 101



    Figure 3.41 Trench lll final, faci[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 102



    Figure 3.43 Trench Vl final, facin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 103

    3.5 EXTERIOR TRENCHES

    3.5.1 West Sid[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 104



    Figure 3.46 Test Trench 5, north s[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 105

    KIRKWOOD - TEST TRENCH 5 5 August 200[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 106

    3.5.1.2 Test Trench 6

    Test Trench 6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 107

    KIRKWOOD - TEST TRENCH 6 5 August 200[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 108

    E 30.41
    530.33 Loamy sand 062 Z 3032[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 109

    3.5.2 West Side of 18805 Wing: Full E[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 110

    Figure 3.52 Trench
    I final, east sect[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 111

    3.5.2.2 Trench V

    Trench V was locate[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 112

    3.5.2.3 Trench IX

    Trench IX was loca[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 113

    3.5.3 East Side of 1880s Wing: Test E[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 114



    Figure 3.56 Trench Vll final, faci[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 115

    KIRKWOOD HOUSE - Exterior Pier Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 116

    3.6 TRENCH DEPTHS AND NATURAL LEVELS[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 117

    Figure 3.59 Full Excavation —
    Plan[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 118









    CELLAR
    PAR[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 119

    3.7 MONITORING OF WORKS

    3.7.1 Parson[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 120

    3.7.2 Retaining wall

    A retaining wal[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 121



    Figure 3.62 Sandstone retaining wa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 122



    ‘/

    Figure 3.64 Retaining wall,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 123



    Figure 3. 66 Retaining wall, exten[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    mottled grey sand

    loose rubble/sandy ‘[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 125

    3.7.3 Boiler

    AMAC were called to the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 126

    WEST E LEVATIO N

    NORTH ELEVATION SOU[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 127

    CHURCH STREET

    4k

    NORTH

    5P1 to corn[...]
    128

    Archaeological Excavation Report - Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 3.71 Boiler in situ.
    (AMAC Digi[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 129

    4.0 BUILT STRUCTURE: FORMER 1819
    PARS[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 130

    structure, this site was not listed o[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 131

    Analysis of the remaining fabric in t[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 132

    in the east wall of the East Room. Al[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 133

    4.2.3 State Health Credit Union, ARAF[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 134

    suggest the majority of people at the[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 135

    air vent Figure 4.2 East Room,
    [:1 ea[...]
    136

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.3 East Room, east elevation ([...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 137



    Figure 4.5 East Room, east elevati[...]
    138

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.6 East Room, east wall, detai[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 139

    I

    ;



    .t' a. ;

    Figure 4.8 East Ro[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 140

    4.3.2 South Elevation

    Most of the so[...]
    141

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Slandfiml‘fl} i
    |_.____'



    Figur[...]
    142

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.10 East Room, south elevation[...]
    143

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.12 East Room, south elevation[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 144



    Figure 4.14 East Room, south eleva[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 145



    v

    Figure 4.15 East Room, lower pa[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 147

    V‘ I
    Illtlucl

    I II") II II‘C

    l[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    4.3.3 West Elevation

    Only the lower part[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 149

    wood



    Figure 4.20 East Room,
    West[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 150



    Figure 4.21 East Room, west elevat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 151

    4.3.4 North Elevation

    The cellar flo[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 152

    window recess

    messy mortar on brickw[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 153



    Figure 4.24 East Room, north eleva[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 154

    4.4 WEST ROOM

    4.4.1 South Elevation[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 155

    bonding detail

    $mail inan balls tarn[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 156



    Figure 4.27 West Rom, south elevat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 157



    Figure 4.28 West Room, base of eas[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 158



    Figure 4.29 Section of preserved w[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 159

    4.4.2 West Elevation

    Overlaid by the[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 160

    air vent

    E3



    r;- brick band
    I.—[...]
    161

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.31 West Room, west elevation.[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 162

    4.4.3 North Elevation

    The north wall[...]
    163

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.34 West Room, north elevation[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    4.4.4 East Elevation

    The east wall (west[...]
    165

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.37 West Room, east elevation.[...]
    166

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    4.5 HALLWAY

    Both the east and west hallw[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 167

    wall plaster over bricks

    East West[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 168

    Figure 4.40 Hallway, south
    elevation.[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 169



    Figure 4.42 Hallway, base of origi[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 170



    Figure 4.44 Parsonage Building, ex[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 171

    4.6 ROOFING

    The roof and ceiling of[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    by Vernon. This could be confirmed when a[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 173



    Figure 4.45 Reception House Roof b[...]
    174

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.46 Interior roof cavity.
    Show[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 175







    Figure 4.48 Former Gable (no[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 176



    Figure 4.50 Roof demolition, showi[...]
    177

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.52 Roof demolition, frame con[...]
    178

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.54 Roof demolition, east room[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 179



    Figure 4.56 Roof demolition, inter[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 180

    4.7 INTERIOR ALTERATION, FINISHES & C[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 181

    modification. The surviving section i[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 182

    and Figure 4.63) to support the lath, whereb[...]ng of the reception house
    at the Newcastle Mental Hospital.98 In the west room the cladding was strip[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 183

    the west wall of the west room may no[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 184

    Table 4.4 Modifications to East Wall[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 185

    4.7.4 State Health Credit Union, ARAF[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 186

    The evidence gathered during demoliti[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 187

    determined in correlation with the pa[...]
    188

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.59 From west room of the pars[...]
    189

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.61 West wall in West Room of[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 190



    Figure 4.63 South wall in West Roo[...]
    191

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 4.65 Ceiling in west room assoc[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 192

    Figure 4.67 Ceiling in
    skillion assoc[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 193



    Figure 4.69 Ceiling in hallway ass[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 194



    Figure 4.71 Ceiling the East Wing,[...]
    FINAL
    ARCHAEOLOGICAL
    REPORT

    Kirkwood House
    James Fletcher Hospital

    15 Church St
    Newcastle

    Volume 2



    Kevi[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 195

    CONTENTS PAGE
    TABLE OF FIGURES 197
    LI[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 196

    10.2 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE MANAG[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    TABLE OF FIGURES

    Figure 5.1
    Figure 5.2
    F[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 198

    Figure 6.26 Parsonage building: possi[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 6.1
    Table 6.2
    Table[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Table 6.32

    Table 6.33

    Table 6.34
    Table[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Table 6.65

    Table 6.66
    Table 6.67

    Table[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 202

    5.0 IMPACT OF DEVELOPMENT AND

    RETENT[...]
    203

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 5.1 Demolition of Parsonage bui[...]
    204

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 5.3 Demolition of Parsonage bui[...]
    205

    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Figure 5.5 Footings of Parsonage and r[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 206



    Figure 5.7 Bidum laid over Parsona[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 207



    Figure 5.8 Retained walls of the P[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 208

    W Figure 5.9 West Room East
    Elevation[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 209

    ST OOH ”TH E ATION

    Figure 5.10 Wes[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 210

    mm

    Figure 5.11 West Room West
    Elevat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 211

    mm

    Figure 5.12 West Room North
    Eleva[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 212

    W .
    Figure 5.13 East

    Room East Eleva[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 213







    Figure 5.14 East
    Ro[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 214

    Key

    Flrlal Retention[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 215

    Key

    nal Retention



    window recess[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 216

    HALLMALEQUIHJELEMBIIQH



    wall pla[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 217

    Figure 5.18 Retained
    Wall in situ, fa[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 218

    Figure 5.20 Retained Wall in
    situ, de[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 219



    A

    Figure 5.22 Location of retaine[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 220

    6.0 ARTEFACT ANALYSIS

    6.1 INTRODUCTI[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 221

    Table 6.1 Site assemblage by artefact[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 222

    Table 6.2 shows the site assemblage b[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 223

    The Structural group as a fabric cate[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 224

    Table 6.3

    Inferred Occupation Materi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 225

    all items not assignable to the Struc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 226

    6.2 PARSONAGE - WEST ROOM

    Deposits i[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 227

    Table 6.5 West Room horizons: artefac[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 228

    Table 6.6 West Room Inferred Occupati[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 229



    FABRIC

    Plastic- cable

    Plastic -[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 230

    Table 6.8 West Room horizons: structu[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 231



    Fabric wm—M—
    I % 0f

    Mater[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 232

    Table 6.9 shows finds from Inferred I[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 233

    Table 6.9



    Brick - sandstock - -
    B[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 234

    6.3 PARSONAGE — HALLWAY

    Deposits i[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 235

    Table 6.11 Hallway horizons: artefact[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 236

    Table 6.12 Hallway Inferred Occupatio[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 237

    Table 6.13 Hallway Inferred Occupatio[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 238

    Table 6.15 Hallway: Inferred Incident[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 239

    6.4 PARSONAGE - EAST ROOM

    The SE roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 240

    Table 6.17 East Room horizons: artefa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 241

    Table 6.18 East Room Inferred Occupat[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 242







    FABRIC Basal _OTALS
    Material[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 243

    Table 6.19 East Room Inferred Occupat[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 244



    Table 6.20 East Room horizons: str[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Fabric

    Material/Form

    Fe nail - roofing[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 246

    Table 6.21 -Table 6.23 shows finds fr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 247

    Table 6.22 East room Inferred Inciden[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 248

    Table 6.23 East Room Inferred Inciden[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 249

    6.5 PARSONAGE — CELLAR

    Excepting a[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 250



    Table 6.25 Cellar: artefacts by[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 251

    Table 6.27 Cellar: structural categor[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 252

    6.6 PARSONAGE TOTALS

    The following q[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 253







    Table 6.28 Parsonage roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 254

    Table 6.29 Parsonage building: fabric[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 255



    Table 6.30 Parsonage buildin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 256






    Material Material
    WWEWW[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 257

    6.7 EAST WING

    6.7.1 Test Trench 3

    T[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    258

    Table 6.32 East Wing: Test Trench 3,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 259

    6.7.2 Test Trench 4

    Trench 4 was loc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 260

    Table 6.33 East Wing: Test Trench 4,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    6.7.3 Full Excavation: Trench III

    261

    T[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 262

    6.7.4 Full Excavation: Trenches IV an[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 263

    6.8 EXTERIOR TRENCHES (WEST OF 18808[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 264

    6.8.2 Full Excavation: Trenches I, V[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 265

    Table 6.37 West Exterior: Trenches l[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 266

    FABRIC





    TRENCHI _RENCHIX T[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 267

    6.9 EXTERIOR TRENCHES (EAST SIDE OF 1[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 268

    Table 6.38 East Exterior: Trenches VI[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 269

    6.10 MISCELLANEOUS ARTEFACTS

    Artefac[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 270

    6.11 PARSONAGE — STRUCTURAL MATERIA[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 271



    Table 6.40 Parsonage building: br[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 272

    an older appearance and non-functioni[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 273

    glue-like substances (silicon?) adher[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 274

    6.11.3 Fasteners

    Consisting of 848 i[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Table 6.43



    Parsonage building: fasten[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 276

    Excluding a group of 43 nails from th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 277

    probably due to specific functions le[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 278

    Table 6.45 Parsonage building: render[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 279

    Table 6.46 Parsonage building: render[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 280

    Of the 462 fragments of lime render,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 281

    (eight from the surface, one from the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 282

    thicknesses downward measuring 11/9/1[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 283





    033 >

    Total thickneS of 2-

    la[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 284

    Although the great majority of single[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 285

    6.11.5 Plasters

    According to Capon12[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 286

    creamy grey plaster on shell lime ren[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 287

    the basal horizon instead. Introducin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 288

    Table 6.51 Parsonage building: SW Roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 289

    the Parsonage render/plaster sequence[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 290

    enhanced discoloration by liquefying[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 291

    Table 6.52 Parsonage building: occurr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 292

    and fine white (5) plasters. Grey wou[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 293

    perhaps having been a variation of wh[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 294

    Table 6.54 Parsonage building: plain[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 295



    Cream, brownish - - — - _ _

    Gre[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 296

    Mineral lime render with white plaste[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 297

    Southwest Room SW



    Table 6.55 Pars[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 298

    Table 6.57 Parsonage building: SW Roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 299

    Southeast Room (SE)

    Table 6.59 Parso[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 300

    Cellar



    Table 6.61 Parsonage build[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 301

    Parsonage Building

    Table 6.63 Parson[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 302

    Table 6.65 Parsonage building: paint[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 303

    Table 6.66 Parsonage building: paint[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 304

    Although the painted renders provide[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 305

    the NE Room’s ceiling was always br[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 306

    Cellar and the flat fragment from the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 307

    Also pointing to use for later repair[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 308

    Table 6.70 Cellar: potential paint se[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 309

    Table 6.71 Cellar: potential paint se[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 310

    Table 6.72 Parsonage building: occurr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 311

    suggests at least the majority are ei[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 312

    Table 6.73 Parsonage building: paint[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 313

    Removing all occurrences of white/cre[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 314

    In the SE Room, the Line 2 sienna was[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 315

    to these colours at a higher level, m[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 316

    necessary) the debris should be from[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 317

    Table 6.74 Parsonage building: distri[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 318

    Table 6.75 Parsonage building: distri[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 319

    6.11.6.2 Painted Florals

    The Parsona[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 320

    AS shown in Table 6.77, Types A-D fro[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 321

    and yellow ochre coexisted; the first[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 322

    Those with paint on the rear were thi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 323

    actually are. General similarities ca[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 324



    Figure 6.4 Parsonage building: SE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 325



    Figure 6.6 Parsonage building: SE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 326



    Figure 6.8 Parsonage building: pai[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 327



    Figure 6.10 Parsonage building: pa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 328



    Figure 6.13 Parsonage building: pa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 329

    6.11.6.3 Wallpapers

    The Parsonage bu[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 330

    Table 6.78

    Parsonage building: wallp[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 331



    Figure 6.15 Parsonage building: wa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 332



    Figure 6.17 Parsonage building: wa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 333



    Figure 6.19 Parsonage building: wa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 334



    Figure 6.21 Parsonage building: wa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 335



    Figure 6.23 Parsonage building: po[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 336

    6.12 OCCUPATION ASSEMBLAGE

    6.12.1 In[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 337

    easily identified group although some were p[...]onage and Deanery in the
    19th century rather than hospital in the 20th century, those not structurall[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 338






    Table 6.79 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Table 6.80
    FABRIC
    Mater'a' BIKIEIIIIIMIEH[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 340

    6.12.2.1 Ceramics

    The Parsonage yiel[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 341

    one Tableware fragment were plain whi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 342









    Table 6.82 Parsonage buil[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 343

    With the Hallway yield less than half[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 344

    Table 6.83 Parsonage building: glass[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 345

    6.12.2.3 Metals

    The Parsonage yielde[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 346

    Table 6.84 Parsonage building: metal[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 347







    SW ROOM HALLWAY CELLAR TOTAL[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 348

    Of the 169 ferrous items only 19 coul[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 349

    Table 6.85 Parsonage building: copper[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 350

    The only securely datable item in the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 351

    Table 6.86 Parsonage building: unwork[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 352

    Table 6.87 Parsonage building: unwork[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 353

    Table 6.87 shows the unworked shell,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 354

    overlying the basal layer. That parti[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 355



    Figure 6.25 Parsonage building: bo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 356

    The final few items were a cork from[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 357

    Table 6.88 Parsonage building: organi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 358

    6.12.2.5 Stone

    The Parsonage buildin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 359

    Figure 6.29 Coin of Vespasian, AD 69-[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 360

    how limited the range actually is. Ta[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 361

    Table 6.89 Parsonage building: reduce[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 362



    Table 6.90 Parsonage building: red[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 363

    6.12.3 East Wing and Rear Yard

    In th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 364

    Through plans overlay, Trench l was l[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 365

    The 522 items recovered represent 43.[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 366

    at least with the refectory. A threep[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Table 6.92

    Level

    Foundafion
    Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 368

    6.12.3.3 East Exterior

    Trenches VII[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 369

    construction debris it is expected th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 370

    The situation with three crown seals[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 371

    7.0 RESPONSE TO RESEARCH DESIGN

    The[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 372

    occurred? Is there any indication of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 373

    correlate to descriptions of other ea[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 374

    Besides the Parsonage and later 19th century[...]for the installation of a “steam tank” at
    the hospital.17

    - How has the process of development a[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 375

    - What information can the relics on[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 376

    0 Early plans indicate that surroundi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 377

    0 During the 18403 there was some dispute ov[...]dates from this period or slightly later from the hospital period as described
    above.

    Accommodation[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 378

    10.

    As discussed above, comparison o[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 379

    0 Apart from the structures, what arc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 380

    8.0 PERMIT COMPLIANCE

    Following are the con[...]t 1977 Application. Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital
    Site, For NSW Department of Commerce, Octo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 381

    7. The Heritage Council of NSW must approve[...]t 1977 Application. Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher
    Hospital Site (October 2008) prepared by AMAC Archaeology,[...]d in a secure
    building (Thwaites Building) in the James Fletcher Hospital. All relics retained in situ
    were covered[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 382

    Heritage Branch were advised of completion a[...]EW England health in the Thwaites
    Building of the James Fletcher Hospital (see Section 10.3)

    See Section 7.0

    See S[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 383

    Appropriate signage was displayed during Ful[...]g currently Artefacts to be stored by HNEH
    in the James Fletcher Hospital

    Complied & completed
    Complied & completed[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 384

    9.0 REVISED ASSESSMENT OF
    SIGNIFICANCE

    9.1[...]of
    Cultural Significance in the CMP assesses the James Fletcher Hospital site as a
    whole and does not deal with the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 385

    early township. Aside from being a source of[...]potential archaeological site at Kirkwood House, James Fletcher
    Hospital, Newcastle. An assessment of significance,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 386

    Table 9.1 Criteria for Assessing Heri[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 387

    Demolition debris also found below th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 388

    9.4 REVISED STATEMENT OF CULTURAL SIG[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 389

    10.0 RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    10.1 RESUL[...]ment to extend the facilities
    of the neighbouring Hospital for the Insane. For this means, the main p[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 390

    10.1.3 Significance

    The retained relics of[...]th Full and Test Excavation will be stored at the James Fletcher
    Hospital, 72 Watt Street Newcastle, within the Thwai[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 391

    building. Public information came thr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 392

    11.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Archaeological Management[...]Assessment for the Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital, 15
    Church St, Newcastle”.

    Archaeologic[...]it Union (1902

    Reception House), Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital Newcastle”.

    Archaeological Management and Cons[...]t
    1977 Application: Demolition of Kirkwood House- James Fletcher Hospital, 15
    Church Street, Newcastle”.

    Australia[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 393

    http://co||ections.ncc.nsw.gov.au/keemu/page[...]ril 2005) “Conservation Management Plan for
    the James Fletcher Hospital Site”

    NSW Department of Commerce (December 2005) “Statement of Heritage Impact for
    James Fletcher Hospital Demolition of Kirkwood and Reception House”

    NS[...](March 2007) “Statement of Heritage Impact for
    James Fletcher Hospital Proposed Non Acute Inpatient Unit”

    NSW[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 394

    Suters Architects, in association wit[...]
    FINAL
    ARCHAEOLOGICAL
    REPORT

    Kirkwood House
    James Fletcher Hospital

    15 Church St
    Newcastle

    Volume 3



    Kevi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 395

    CONTENTS PAGE
    12.0 APPENDICES 396
    12.[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 396

    12.0 APPENDICES

    12.1 NSW HERITAGE BR[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 397



    Heritage COUHCii 3 lvtatatF‘lace Tacoma[...]d monitoring of works at the Kirkwood House site. James
    Fletcher Hospital. Newcastle (Application nunber 20081314010[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 398

    b) A local public hton'nation program[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 399

    1.

    All works shall be in accordance with th[...]t 1977 Application. Demolition of
    Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital Site, for NSW Department of Commerce.

    October 20[...]t 1977 Application.
    Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital Site,’ (October 2008)
    prepared by AMAC A[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 400

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    The Appl[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 401

    i) Details of how this information ab[...]
    12.1.2

    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    NSW Heritage Branch Exception Notificatio[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 403

    TYPE OF EXCEPTION SUBMISSION REQUIREM[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 404

    12.2 UNIT LISTS

    12.2.1 Unit List- Te[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 405

    WEWF- Phase/Notes

    026 TT. 3 South wa[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 406

    mummm—n Phase/Notes

    056 . Later br[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 407

    12. 2.2 Unit List- Full excavation

    W[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 408

    WWW-—

    Foundation 108 Reception Hou[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 409

    Elam—“—

    211 E Sq. B4 Same as 2[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 410

    Fawn-_—

    wa|| Probably = 247

    232 E[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 411

    Fawn-_—

    1902-03
    249 E Fill of 248[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 412

    n_ — West Room east
    wall
    309 H Nort[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 413

    Fawn-_—

    grey sand

    411 IV Fill - m[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 414

    mm-—--
    431 IV 432

    Fill of 432 411[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 415

    12.3 PHOTOGRAPHY

    12.3.1 Photographic[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 417

    —E__WW
    mmmmm
    2 18 3 19

    Retaining w[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    12.3.2

    246
    247

    248
    250
    252
    253
    254
    255[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 419

    -m_m
    mm

    282-3 1 28 1 8 4309-13 W Sto[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    m
    2

    340
    343
    344
    345
    346
    347
    348-9
    350
    35[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 421

    WWWWWW
    6 11

    373 3 2 3 4583 H Corrido[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    12.3.3

    Photographic Record - Built Fabri[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 423

    DSC _5357 Detail of chimney 20/05/08[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 424

    12. 3. 4 Photographic Record — Arte[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 425

    Frame Context Catalogue AddItIonal no[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    426

    Frame Context Catalogue Additional n[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 427

    12.4 OTHER REGISTERS

    12.4.1 Sieve Re[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 428

    Context Information W Building Materi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 429

    Context Information W Building Materi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 430

    Context Information W Building Materi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Context Information





    Total

    IYARD[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    12.4.2 Plans Register
    P= Plan
    E= Elevatio[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 433

    12.5 ARTEFACT CATALOGUES[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 434

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 435









    Categor Trench Size[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 436

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 437

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 438

    Categor Trench
    No

    0071 002 REND A- N[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 439

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 440









    Categor Trench Size[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 441









    Categor Trench Size[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 442









    Categor Trench Size[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 443

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 444

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 445

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 446

    Categor Trench
    No






    Size (mm)[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 447

    Categor Trench
    No

    0222 Organic BONE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 448









    Categor Trench Size[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 449

    Categor Trench Quan- Box Photo
    No tit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 450

    12.5.2 Artefact Catalogue for Full Ex[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 451

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 452

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 491

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Weight[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 493

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Weight[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 495

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
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    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 506

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Organic
    Organic
    Organic
    Organic
    Organic
    O[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 508

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) Wei[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 509

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    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    511

    D/B No Category Trench/ Size (mm) We[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 512

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    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 516

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    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 517

    12.6 PUBLIC DISSEMINATION

    12.6.1 Inf[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital



    Main parsonage building. surviving
    18205 wall[...]ical.oom.au

    518

    Archaeological

    Kirkwood
    House, James
    Fletcher
    Hospital

    March 2009

    HUNTER NEW ENGLAND
    NSWGHEALTH[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    A Brief History

    The Awabakal people orig[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    12.6.2

    Ti—lE OFFClAL NEWSPAPER FDR HUNTER NEW[...]the now partially-
    demolished Kirkwood House at

    James Fletcher Hospital in Newcastle

    — is helping to flesh out[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital

    Dig reveals interesting history

    continue[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 522

    12.6.3



    Newcastle Herald: Newspaper Artic[...]ng the Kirkwood House
    site in the munds of J ames
    Fletcher Hospital.

    Most of the building, which is
    on the corner of[...]it
    was made a reception house for
    the psychiatric hospital. ,

    "The surprisingthingisthe - ‘
    extent ofthe[...]om the original section
    of Kirkwood House, on t e James Fletcher site. — Picture by Ryan Osland



    3 Jon[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 523

    12.6.4 Press Release4

    LEEC—D PERCITAL RD[...]RICAL ARCEEOLOGICBL EXCAVATION OF EREWOOD HOUSE,

    JAMES FLETCHER HOSPITAL.

    During March 2009 archaeological excavations, e[...]ical Archaeological Excavation of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher
    Hospital Press Release p.1&2

    Archaeological Manage[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 524

    The excavation will allow for the ret[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 525

    12.6.5

    Public information panel for Kirkwoo[...]AL
    ARCHAEOLOGICAL
    EXCAVATIONS

    at
    Kirkwood House,
    James Fletcher Hospital.
    15 Church St

    Newcastle.

    During March 20[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 526

    12.7 INSPECTION REPORT OF DEMOLITION

    Inspec[...]dit Union
    (1902 Reception House), Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital Newcastle.

    Inspections on 21 -22 April, 2[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 527

    the Credit Union usage the entire of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 528

    Figure 1.1 Approximate extent of buil[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 529



    Figure.1.2 Samel-style brick (67x2[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 530



    Figure 1.4 West wall in the west r[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 531



    Figure 1.6 South wall in the west[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 532

    12.8 MALE WARD

    James Fletcher Hospital: Male Ward

    Introduction

    AMAC Group were contact[...]on in June 2008, when minor earthworks within
    the James Fletcher Hospital precinct revealed brick and concrete footings in[...]proposed development for this
    particular area of James Fletcher Hospital includes the establishment of a car-park.

    Histor[...]occupation of the greater study area by a mental hospital facility (now known as
    James Fletcher Hospital), it is known that the study area containe[...]ilitary
    Barracks were refurbished and used in the hospital. However, due to the overflow of excess
    patients[...]d cope with the number of inpatients entering the hospital, as
    well as improve the living conditions f[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 533

    Physical Evidence

    Upon receiving an Excepti[...]the growing
    number of inpatients entering the ‘Hospital for the Insane’ at the turn of the 20th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 534

    C'tht



    fl um clE-grd

    Nwounm[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 535



    — Approximate site excavation bo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 536



    Figure 1.9 Removal, clearance and[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 537









    Figure 1.11 View of great[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report — Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 539

    12.8.1 Letter to the Heritage Office Regardi[...]Group Pty Ltd.

    Work - former Male Ward location
    James Fletcher Hospital

    Newcastle
    Sydney - Inner West
    1220 Percival Rd
    S[...]earthworks for a new fax 96394531
    car-park at the James Fletcher Hospital Newcastle and is not apart
    of the existing[...]

    TXT

    [...]Kirkwood House
    James Fletcher Hospital
    15 Church[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 1



    Volume 1

    CONTENTS[...]20
    1.6 CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE JAMES FLETCHER
    HOSPITAL SITE 2005[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 2



    3.7.3 Boiler[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 3



    6.7.3 Full Excav[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 4



    12.1.2 NSW Herit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 5



    E XECUTIVE S UMMARY
    Newca[...]ment to extend the facilities
    of the neighbouring Hospital for the Insane. For this means, the main p[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 6



    unexcavated, and only p[...]th Full and Test Excavation will be stored at the James Fletcher
    Hospital, 72 Watt Street Newcastle, within the Thwai[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]................................ 13
    Figure 1.2 James Fletcher Hospital site. Approximate study area outlined in red.[...]Adapted from Plan of Newcastle August 7, 1818 by James Meehan.
    ...................[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 13




    Figure 1.1 Red arr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 14




    Figure 1.2 James Fletcher Hospital site. Approximate study area outlined in red.
    Early Works Package, HNEAHS James Fletcher Hospital, PH07, Not to
    Scale.Source: D[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 15




    Figure 1.3 Aeri[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 16




    Figure 1.4 Current[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 17




    1.0 I NTRODUCTION

    1.1[...]r the
    former Kirkwood House, 15 Church St, at the James Fletcher Hospital site in
    Newcastle on the basis of a fee proposal[...]was also carried out at the Male Ward within the James Fletcher Hospital
    (outside the study area). The results of t[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 18



    Monitoring and reco[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 19




    any de[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 20



    This code provides a proces[...]ate
    The former parsonage is listed as part of the James Fletcher Hospital Group, 72
    Watt St, Newcastle on the Register of t[...]Environment
    Plan 2008 however the Former Military Hospital and Barracks are both listed in
    Schedule 5 Part 1[...]l Heritage, as 72 Watt Street, Newcastle (now the
    James Fletcher Hospital).9 The site is also part of “The Hill Herit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 21



    Deanery. It is noted[...].6 CONSERV ATION MANAGEM ENT PLAN FOR THE J AM ES
    FLETCHER HOSPITAL SI TE 2005

    A Conservation Management Plan was prepared for the whole James Fletcher
    Hospital Site in April 2005, by the Department of C[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 22



    Parsonage outbuilding[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 23



    Area Exca[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 24




    2.0 S ITE H IS[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 25



    During this time t[...].25 Just
    west of Government House, now within the hospitalhospital were constructed on what is now the James Fletcher Hospital
    site between1838-1843,36 to protect the no[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 26



    barracks housed up to 200[...]that very same year.
    This would later become the Hospital for the Insane in 1879 after the Lunacy Act of
    1878 stated that all insane asylums would be known as hospitals (Figure 2.19).44

    According to Turner, by the 18[...]en over to retailing and commercial offices.

    The Hospital for the Insane continued to operate on the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 27



    In the first part of the[...]he character of the area had forever
    changed. The Hospital for the Insane became the Newcastle Mental Hospital in
    1916.48 The continued disdain for the hospital by local residents (it being seen as
    unsuitable f[...]ntury. Regardless the government was unmoved; the hospital
    was to stay, having been named the James Fletcher Hospital in 1989 after a
    prominent Newcastle parlia[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 28



    1827 sketch is a[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 29



    During 1880 an adv[...]exact year in which
    these works occurred however James Henderson appears to have been the
    archite[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 30



    The continued problem of overcrowding in the adjoining Hospital
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 31



    substation facing Newco[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 32




    Figure 2.1 Adapted from Plan of Newcastle August 7, 1818 by James Meehan.
    Note the location of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 33




    Figure 2.2 P[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 34[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 36




    Figure 2.6 Early[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 37




    Figure 2.7 Plan of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 38




    Figure 2.8 Map of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 39




    Figure 2.9 ‘Sketc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 40




    Figure 2.10 Town of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 41




    Figure 2.12 De[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 42




    Figure 2.14 1853 P[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 43




    Figure 2.16 1860 Tow[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 44




    Figure 2.17 ‘Diagr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 45




    Figure 2.18 Newcastl[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 46




    Figure 2.19 Newcastl[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 47




    Figure 2.20 Eng[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 49




    Figure 2.23 Det[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 50




    Figure 2.24 Eng[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 51




    Figure 2.25 Map[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 52




    Figure 2.26[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 53




    Figure 2.27 P[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 54




    1830 – (Based on[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 55




    Figure 2.30[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 56




    Figure 2.3[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 57




    Figure[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 58




    Figure 2.33 1959 Floor plan[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 59




    Figure 2.34 Chu[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 60




    3.0 P HYSICAL E V[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 61



    Table 3.1 Summ[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 62




    Figure 3.1 Pla[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 63[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 64




    N




    Figure 3.3 Ov[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 65


    3.2 METHODOLOGY[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 66


    3.3 P ARSONAGE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 67


    and impression in one pl[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 68




    Figure 3.4 West R[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 69




    Figure 3.6 West Roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 70




    Figure 3.8 West[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 72




    Figure 3.11 West Roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 74


    3.3.2 Hallw ay

    The Hal[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 75[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 76[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 77


    KIRKWOOD HOUS[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 78


    3.3.3 East Room

    In t[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 79


    showing cut bricks, the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 80




    Figure 3.18 East Roo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 81




    Figure 3.20 East[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 82




    Figure 3.22 East[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 83


    3.3.3.2 Cellar[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 84


    Figure 3.33), the questi[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 85




    Figure 3.24 View in[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 86




    Figure 3.26 Cellar[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 87




    Figure 3.28 Cellar,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 88




    Figure 3.30 Cellar,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 90




    Figure 3.32 Plan of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 92


    3.4 E AST WING

    3.[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 93


    mortar and sealed the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 94




    Figure 3.34 Test Tre[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 95




    Figure 3.36 Test[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 98


    SOUTH ROOM - TE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 99


    3.4.2 Full Excavation[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 100


    3.4.2.4 Trench VI[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 101




    Figure 3.41 Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 102




    Figure 3.43 Tre[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 103


    3.5 EXTERIOR TRE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 104




    Figure 3.46 Test Tre[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 105



    KIRKWOOD - TES[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 106


    3.5.1.2 Test Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 108[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 109


    3.5.2 West Side of 18[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 110[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 111


    3.5.2.2 Trench V

    Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 112


    3.5.2.3 Trench IX

    Tre[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 113


    3.5.3 East Side of 1880[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 114




    Figure 3.56 Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 115


    KIRKWOOD[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 116


    3.6 TRENCH DEPTHS A[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 118[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 119


    3.7 MONITORING OF WO[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 120


    3.7.2 Retaining w all[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 121




    Figure 3.62 Sandston[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 122




    Figure 3.64 Retaini[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 123




    Figure 3.66 Retainin[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 125


    3.7.3 Boiler

    AMAC were[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 128




    Figure 3.71 Bo[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 129




    4.0 B UILT[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 130



    structure, this s[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 131




    Analysis of the r[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 132



    in the east wall o[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 133



    4.2.3 State Heal[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 134



    suggest the majori[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 135[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 136




    Figure 4.3 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 137




    Figure 4.5 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 138




    Figure 4.6 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 139




    Figure 4.8 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 140



    4.3.2 South Elevat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 141




    Figure 4.9 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 142




    Figure 4.10 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 143




    Figure 4.12 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 144




    Figure 4.14 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 145




    Figure 4.15 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 146




    Figure 4.17 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 147




    Figure 4.19 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 148



    4.3.3 West E[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 149[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 150




    Figure 4.21 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 151



    4.3.4 North Elevat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 152




    Figure 4.23 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 153




    Figure 4.24 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 154



    4.4 WEST ROOM[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 155




    Figure 4.26 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 156




    Figure 4.27 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 157




    Figure 4.28 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 158




    Figure 4.29 Se[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 159



    4.4.2 West Elevati[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 160




    Figure 4.30 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 161




    Figure 4.31 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 162



    4.4.3 North Elevat[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 163




    Figure 4.34 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 164



    4.4.4 East Elevati[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 165




    Figure 4.37 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 166



    4.5 HALLW AY[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 167




    Figure 4.39 Ha[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 168[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 169




    Figure 4.42 Ha[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 170




    Figure 4.44 Pa[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 171



    4.6 ROOFING[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 172



    by Vernon. This[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 173




    Figure 4.45 Re[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 174




    Figure 4.46 In[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 175




    Figure 4.48 Fo[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 176




    Figure 4.50 Ro[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 177




    Figure 4.52 Ro[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 178




    Figure 4.54 Ro[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 179




    Figure 4.56 Ro[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 180



    4.7 INTERI[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 181



    modification. The[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 182



    and Figure 4.63) to suppo[...]ng of the reception house
    at the Newcastle Mental Hospital.98 In the west room the cladding was strip[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 183



    the west wall of t[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 184



    Table 4.4 Mo[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 185



    4.7.4 State Health[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 186




    The evidence gath[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 187



    determined[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 188




    Figure 4.59 Fr[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 189




    Figure 4.61 We[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 190




    Figure 4.63 So[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 191




    Figure 4.65 Ce[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 192[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 193




    Figure 4.69 Ce[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 194




    Figure 4.71 Ce[...]
    [...]Kirkwood House
    James Fletcher Hospital
    15 Church[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 195



    CONTENTS[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 196



    10.2 RECOMMENDAT[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 202




    5.0 I MPACT OF D[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 203




    Figure 5.1 De[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 204




    Figure 5.3 De[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 205




    Figure 5.5 Fo[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 206




    Figure 5.7 Bi[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 207




    Figure 5.8 Re[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 208[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 209[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 210[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 211[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 212[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 213[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 214




    Figure 5.15 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 215




    Figure 5.16 Ea[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 216




    Figure 5.17 Co[...]
    [...]haeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 217[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 218[...]
    Archaeological Excavation Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 219




    Figure 5.22 Lo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 220




    6.0 A RTEFACT A NALY[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 223


    The Structural g[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 224[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 225


    all items not assigna[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 226


    6.2[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 227


    Table 6.5[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 228


    Table 6.6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 229


    FABRIC[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 230[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 231


    Fabri[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 232


    Table 6.9 shows finds[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 233[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 234


    6.3 P AR[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 235


    Table 6.11[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 236


    Table 6.12[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 237


    Table 6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 238


    Table 6.15 Hallway:[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 239


    6.4[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 240


    Table[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 243


    Table 6.19[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 246


    Table 6.21-Table[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 247


    Table 6.22[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 248


    Table 6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 249


    6.5[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 250


    Tabl[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 251


    Table 6.27[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 252


    6.6 P ARSONAGE TOTAL[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 253


    Table 6.28[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 257


    6.7 E AST WING

    6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 258


    Table 6.32[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 259


    6.7.2 Test Trench 4

    T[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 260


    Table 6.33 E[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 261


    6.7.3 Full Excavatio[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 262


    6.7.4 Full Excavat[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 263


    6.8 EXTERIOR TR[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 264


    6.8.2 Full Excavation:[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 267


    6.9 EXTERIOR TREN[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 268


    Table 6.38[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 269


    6.10 MISCELLANEOUS AR[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 270


    6.11 P ARSONAGE –[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 271


    Table 6.40[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 272


    an older appearance[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 273


    glue-like substances (si[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 274


    6.11.3 Fas[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 276


    Excluding a group of 43[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 277


    probably due to[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 280


    Of[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 281


    (eight from the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 282


    thicknesses downward me[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 283




    Figure 6.1 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 284


    Although the great majo[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 285


    6.11.5 Plas[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 286


    creamy grey plaster on[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 287


    the basal horizon inste[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 288


    Table 6.51 Parso[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 289


    the Parsonage render/[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 290


    enhanced discoloration[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 291


    Table 6.52 Parson[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 292


    and fine white[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 293


    perhaps having been a v[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 294[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 295


    Plaster[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 296




    Mineral lime render[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 298


    Table 6.57[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 299


    Sout[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 304


    Although the painted re[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 305


    the NE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 306


    Cellar and the flat f[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 307


    Also pointing to use f[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 308


    Table[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 309


    Ta[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 310


    Table 6.72 Parsonage[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 311


    suggests at least the m[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 313


    Removing all occurrence[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 314




    In the SE Room, the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 315


    to these colours at[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 316


    necessary) the debris sh[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 319


    6.11.6.[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 320


    As shown in Ta[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 321


    and yellow ochre coe[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 322


    Those with paint on th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 323


    actually are. Genera[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 324




    Figure 6.4 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 325




    Figure 6.6 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 326




    Figure 6.8 Parsona[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 327




    Figure 6.10 Parsona[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 328




    Figure 6.13 Parsona[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 329


    6.11.6.3 Wallpap[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 330


    Table 6.78[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 331




    Figure 6.15 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 332




    Figure 6.17 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 333




    Figure 6.19 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 334




    Figure 6.21 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 335




    Figure 6.23 P[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 336


    6.12 OCCUP ATION ASSE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 337


    easily identified group alt[...]onage and Deanery in the
    19th century rather than hospital in the 20th century, those not structurall[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 340[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 341


    one Tableware fragment[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 343


    With the Hallway yield[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 344


    Table 6.83 Pars[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 345


    6.12.2.3 Metals[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 348


    Of the 169 ferrous item[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 349


    Table 6.85 Parso[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 350


    The only securely da[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 353


    Table 6.87 shows the u[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 354


    overlying the basal laye[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 355




    Figure 6.25 Parsonag[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 356


    The final few items wer[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 358




    6.12.2.5 Stone[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 359[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 360


    how limited the range[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 363


    6.12.3 East W[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 364


    Through[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 365


    The 522 items recov[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 366


    at least with the ref[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 368




    6.12.3.3[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 369


    construction debris[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 370


    The situation with th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 371



    7.0 R ESPONSE[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 372


    occurred? Is there any[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 373


    correlate to descript[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 374


    Besides the Parsonage and[...]for the installation of a “steam tank” at
    the hospital.17

    • How has the process of development[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 375


    • What information[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 376


     Early plans[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 377


     During the 1840s[...]dates from this period or slightly later from the hospital period as described
    above.

    Accomm[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 378


    As discussed abov[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 379




     Apart fro[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 380



    8.0 P ERMIT C OMPLIANC[...]t 1977 Application. Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital
    Site, For NSW Department of Commerce, O[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 381


    7. The Heritage Council[...]t 1977 Application. Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher
    Hospital Site (October 2008) prepared by AMAC Archaeology,[...]d in a secure
    building (Thwaites Building) in the James Fletcher Hospital. All relics retained in situ
    were covered[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 382


    Heritage Branch were adv[...]England health in the Thwaites
    Building of the James Fletcher Hospital (see Section 10.3)
    g) See Section 7.0
    h) S[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 383


    a) Appropriate signage[...]in the James Fletcher Hospital
    10 Complied & completed
    11[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 384



    9.0 R EVISED A S[...]of
    Cultural Significance in the CMP assesses the James Fletcher Hospital site as a
    whole and does not deal with the[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 385


    early township.[...]potential archaeological site at Kirkwood House, James Fletcher
    Hospital, Newcastle. An assessment of significance,[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 386


    Table 9.1[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 387


    Demolition debris also[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 388


    9.4 REVISED STATEMEN[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 389



    10.0 R ESULTS AND[...]ment to extend the facilities
    of the neighbouring Hospital for the Insane. For this means, the main p[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 390


    10.1.3 Significance[...]th Full and Test Excavation will be stored at the James Fletcher
    Hospital, 72 Watt Street Newcastle, within the Thwai[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 391


    building. Public inform[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 392




    11.0 B IBLIOGRAPHY[...]Assessment for the Demolition of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital, 15
    Church St, Newcastle”.

    Archaeol[...]Union (1902
    Reception House), Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital Newcastle”.

    Archaeological Management and Cons[...]1977 Application: Demolition of Kirkwood House- James Fletcher Hospital, 15
    Church Street, Newcastle”.

    Austr[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 393


    http://collections.ncc.[...]2005) “Conservation Management Plan for
    the James Fletcher Hospital Site”

    NSW Department of Commerce (December 2005) “Statement of Heritage Impact for
    James Fletcher Hospital Demolition of Kirkwood and Reception House”

    NS[...]rch 2007) “Statement of Heritage Impact for
    James Fletcher Hospital Proposed Non Acute Inpatient Unit”

    NSW[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 394


    Suters Architects, in as[...]
    [...]Kirkwood House
    James Fletcher Hospital
    15 Church[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 395



    CONTENTS[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 396




    12.0 A PPENDI[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 397[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 398[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 399[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 400[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 401[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 402


    12.1.2 NSW Herita[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 403[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 404


    12.2 UNIT LISTS[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 405


    Unit Area Desc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 406


    Unit Area Desc[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 407


    12.2.2 Unit Lis[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 408


    Rm Unit Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 409


    Rm Unit Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 410


    Rm Unit Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 411


    Rm Unit Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 412


    Rm Unit Trench[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 413


    Rm Unit Tren[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 414


    Rm Unit Tren[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 432


    12.4.2[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    [...]Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 522


    12.6.3[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 523


    12.6.4[...]ical Archaeological Excavation of Kirkwood House, James Fletcher
    Hospital Press Release p.1&2[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 524[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 525


    12.6.5 P[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 526


    12.7 INSPECTION REPO[...]dit Union
    (1902 Reception House), Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital Newcastle.

    Inspections on 21-22 April, 20[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 527


    the Credit[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 528




    Figure 1.1[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 529




    Figure.1.2[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 530




    Figure 1.4[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 531




    Figure 1.6[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 532


    12.8 MALE W ARD

    James Fletcher Hospital: Male Ward

    Introduction

    AMAC Group were contact[...]on in June 2008, when minor earthworks within
    the James Fletcher Hospital precinct revealed brick and concrete footings in[...]proposed development for this
    particular area of James Fletcher Hospital includes the establishment of a car-park.


    Histo[...]occupation of the greater study area by a mental hospital facility (now known as
    James Fletcher Hospital), it is known that the study area containe[...]ilitary
    Barracks were refurbished and used in the hospital. However, due to the overflow of excess
    patients[...]d cope with the number of inpatients entering the hospital, as
    well as improve the living conditions f[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 533


    Physical Evidence[...]the growing
    number of inpatients entering the ‘Hospital for the Insane’ at the turn of the 20th[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 534




    Figure 1.7[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 535




    Figure 1.8[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 536




    Figure 1.9[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 537




    Figure 1.11[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital[...]
    Final Archaeological Report – Kirkwood House, James Fletcher Hospital 539


    12.8.1 Le[...]- former Male Ward location
    James Fletcher Hospital
    Newcastle[...]or a new fax 96394531
    car-park at the James Fletcher Hospital Newcastle and is not apart
    of the existing[...]

    MD

    [...]ment to extend the facilities of the neighbouring Hospital for the Insane. For this means, the main part of[...]th Full and Test Excavation will be stored at the James Fletcher Hospital, 72 Watt Street Newcastle, within the Thwai[...]
    James Fletcher Hospital (Newcastle, N.S.W.)